Direct Education (DE) is nutrition and physical activity education that takes place in one-on-one or group settings. To be most effective, DE should be provided in conjunction with the Arizona Health Zone’s (AZ Health Zone) Policy, Systems, and Environmental strategies. In general, AZ Health Zone-approved curricula are used to deliver DE, although food demonstrations, tastings, and a variety of supplemental resources are also used to enhance behaviorally-focused lessons and engage participants.
The AZ Health Zone promotes one DE strategy for SNAP participants and eligibles:
Provide evidence-based healthy eating and active living education in support of policy, system, and environmental change strategies to eligible audiences in eligible community sites to promote consumption of healthy foods and beverages and active lifestyles.
Evaluation of Direct Education
The AZ Health Zone’s Direct Education strategy is evaluated for two subgroups: Youth (where we assess multi-level interventions that combine PSEs and DE), and Adults. Each year, the Evaluation Team will assess each subgroup using a mixed methods approach.
- An online data collection system called SEEDs collects information on what SNAP-Ed programming is being done in Direct Education.
- The Semi-Annual Report Narrative (SARN) allows local agencies to describe their work in Direct Education in words and images. This provides context to understand why things are developing in certain ways.
- The Kids Activity and Nutrition Questionnaire (KAN-Q) collects information about nutrition and physical activity knowledge and behaviors of school-aged youth (4th to 8th grades). This tells us what SNAP-Ed programming is needed and what SNAP-Ed programming has helped to improve.
- The University of California Cooperative Extension’s Food Behavior Checklist and On the Go! Survey collect information about nutrition and physical activity behaviors of adults (ages 18 and over). This tells us what SNAP-Ed programming is needed and what SNAP-Ed programming has helped to improve.